How Long Will 12v Battery Run a Refrigerator? + Calculator

in short, a 12v 50Ah Lithium deep cycle battery will last about 20-24 hours running a 12v (4.5 Cu. Ft.) fridge and about 9 hours while running a medium size kitchen fridge (14 Cu. Ft.). After this, your battery will be fully depleted, So if you have a lead-acid type battery then the runtime will be half

Need a simple solution? use the calculator given below to figure out how long will a 12v deep cycle battery or a car battery run your RV refrigerator, camping fridge, or kitchen fridge.

Battery Runtime Calculator

Battery Capacity
Ah
Battery Volts
V
Select Battery Type
Load Connected with inverter?
Total Load (watts)
Wh

Note! if you’re looking for the right size battery bank for your fridge then read my in-depth post on how many batteries to run a fridge

Instructions

  • Most of the fridges require AC power so you’d need an inverter but if you have a small 12v fridge you can run directly from the battery with the help of a DC-DC converter
  • The total load will be the power consumption of your fridge in one hour including duty cycles (which I’ll explain in a bit)
  • After entering the values click on CALCULATE BUTTON to figure out the battery backup time

Assumptions

  • Inverter efficiency: 85%
  • Lead-acid battery: 50% depth of discharge limit
  • Lithium (LiFePO4) battery: 100% depth of discharge limit

In-depth breakdown? There are a few variables that will determine the battery runtime on your refrigerator. and also I’ll share some key points to get the maximum from your batteries when running the fridge

Factors That Will Affect The Battery Runtime

These are the main factors that will determine the battery runtime on a fridge or refrigerator

  • Battery Capacity
  • Wattage consumption of fridge per hour
  • inverter efficiency

Now let’s dive deep into calculation stuff so you can estimate the closest battery runtime.

1- How many watts does a refrigerator use per hour?

On average new technology, refrigerators consume about 60-350 watts of power when running (depending on the size) but on the other hand, an old technology fridge (manufactured before 2010) will consume about 400- 700 watts of power. The daily total power consumption will range between 0.5-2.8kWh and 3.2-5.6kWh

The specific power consumption value will depend mainly on the capacity, energy efficiency, and environmental factors

Duty Cycle – The fridge will turn itself on and off according to the cooling requirement inside the refrigerator this on and off cycle is called the duty cycle,

So on average a fridge runs about 20-30 minutes per hour and 8-12 hours in 24 hours (depending on the fridge technology and the amount of food inside the fridge)

To find out the power consumption of your fridge, check the product specs sheet which is usually located on the back side of the fridge.

❝ or use a watt meter, plug this in between the power socket and the fridge socket it will show you the total power consumption of your fridge in the total running hours. This is the most accurate way to calculate the power consumption of any appliance. i would highly recommend buying one, this will help you in a long run ❞

If you have a new model fridge it should be mentioned as estimated yearly power consumption, if it doesn’t have any then there will be amps and volts mentioned as shown in the pic

What size inverter do i need to run a fridge?
Watts = Amps * Votls

Use this formula to calculate the wattage consumption of your fridge.

115 * 1.1 = 126 watts 

Note! This will be the amount of power consumption when your fridge is running.

Now divide it by 3 to find out the average power consumption per hour. (duty cycle)

126 / 3 = 42 watts 

A small fridge consumes about 40-50 watts of power per hour

Video – Tips To Decrease The Power Consumption of Your Fridge

2 – Battery Capacity

Here’s a chart of different size 12v batteries in watt-hours (wh)

12v Battery Capacity Useable Watt-hours (Lead-acid 50% DoD limit)Useable Watt-hours (Lithium 100% DoD limit)
50Ah300 Wh600 Wh
70Ah420 Wh840 Wh
100Ah600 Wh1200 Wh
150Ah900 Wh1800 Wh
200Ah1200 Wh2400 Wh
300Ah1800 Wh3600 Wh
chart: 12v battery in watt-hours (wh)

Related: Amps To Watts Calculator: How Many Watts In A 12-volt Battery?

Now minimize the power loss which will occur due to inverter inefficiency. Which will be between 15%-10%

For Example

12v 100Ah lead-acid battery watt-hours after DC-AC conversion loss

600 * 0.85 = 510 AC watts

Must Read: Solar DC Watts To AC Watts Calculator & Formula

How Long Will a 12v Battery Run a Refrigerator? – chart

Here’s a chart on how long will a 12v battery run any size refrigerator

12v battery (50% DoD limit)Fridge SizeEst. Runtime (hrs)
50AhCamping fridge (2.5-5 cu. ft)12-9 hrs
50AhKitchen fridge (10-15 cu. ft)6-4 hrs
50AhKitchen fridge (15-22 cu. ft)3-1.5 hrs
100AhCamping fridge (2.5-5 cu. ft)24-18 hrs
100AhKitchen fridge (10-15 cu. ft)12-8 hrs
100AhKitchen fridge (15-22 cu. ft)6-3 hrs
150AhCamping fridge (2.5-5 cu. ft)36-27 hrs
150AhKitchen fridge (10-15 cu. ft)18-12 hrs
150AhKitchen fridge (15-22 cu. ft)9-4.5 hrs
200AhCamping fridge (2.5-5 cu. ft)48-36 hrs
200AhKitchen fridge (10-15 cu. ft)24-16 hrs
200AhKitchen fridge (15-22 cu. ft)12-6 hrs
chart: How Long Will a 12v Battery Run a Refrigerator?

Summary

  • On average, a 12v battery will last between 10-30 hours while running a fridge/refrigerator. The exact value will highly depend on the capacity of the battery, its depth of discharge limit, and the size of a refrigerator.

Related Post: Solar Panel Calculator For Battery

Chart – How long will a 100ah battery run a fridge?

12v 100Ah Lead-acid Battery Runtime on a Fridge

Fridge TypeAverage Wattage Consumption (Per hour)Est. Runtime with 100ah lead-acid battery
12v mini fridge (2 cu. ft.) 20 watts24 hrs
camping fridge (4.5 cu. ft.)30 watts17 hrs
kitchen fridge (10 cu. ft.)40 watts12 hrs
kitchen fridge (15 cu. ft.)50 watts10 hrs
kitchen fridge (20 cu. ft.)80 watts7 hrs
kitchen fridge (22 cu. ft.)100 watts5 hrs
kitchen fridge (25 cu. ft.)120 watts4 hrs
kitchen fridge (28 cu. ft.)170 watts3 hrs
chart – how long will a 12v 100ah lead-acid battery will run a fridge?

Summary

  • 12v 100Ah lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 24 hrs
  • 12v 100Ah lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run an apartment size fridge for about 12 hrs
  • 12v 100Ah lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a large size kitchen fridge for about 7 hrs

12v 100Ah Lithium (LiFePO4) battery runtime on a fridge

Fridge TypeAverage Wattage Consumption (Per hour)Est. Runtime with 100ah Lithium battery
12v mini fridge (2 cu. ft.) 20 watts48 hrs
camping fridge (4.5 cu. ft.)30 watts34 hrs
kitchen fridge (10 cu. ft.)40 watts24 hrs
kitchen fridge (15 cu. ft.)50 watts20 hrs
kitchen fridge (20 cu. ft.)80 watts14 hrs
kitchen fridge (22 cu. ft.)100 watts10 hrs
kitchen fridge (25 cu. ft.)120 watts8 hrs
kitchen fridge (28 cu. ft.)170 watts6 hrs
chart – how long will a 12v 100ah lithium (LiFePO4) battery will run a fridge?

Summary

  • 12v 100Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 48 hrs
  • 12v 100Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run an apartment size fridge for about 24 hrs
  • 12v 100Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run a large size kitchen fridge for about 14 hrs

Chart – How long will a 200ah battery run a refrigerator?

12v 200Ah lead-acid battery runtime on a fridge

Fridge TypeAverage Wattage Consumption (Per hour)Est. Runtime with 200ah lead-acid battery
12v mini fridge (2 cu. ft.) 20 watts48 hrs
camping fridge (4.5 cu. ft.)30 watts34 hrs
kitchen fridge (10 cu. ft.)40 watts24 hrs
kitchen fridge (15 cu. ft.)50 watts20 hrs
kitchen fridge (20 cu. ft.)80 watts14 hrs
kitchen fridge (22 cu. ft.)100 watts10 hrs
kitchen fridge (25 cu. ft.)120 watts8 hrs
kitchen fridge (28 cu. ft.)170 watts6 hrs
chart – how long will a 12v 200ah lead-acid battery will run a fridge?

Summary

  • 12v 200Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 48 hrs
  • 12v 200Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run an apartment size fridge for about 24 hrs
  • 12v 200Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a large size kitchen fridge for about 14 hrs

12v 200Ah Lithium (LiFePO4) battery runtime on a fridge

Fridge TypeAverage Wattage Consumption (Per hour)Est. Runtime with 200ah lead-acid battery
12v mini fridge (2 cu. ft.) 20 watts96 hrs
camping fridge (4.5 cu. ft.)30 watts68 hrs
kitchen fridge (10 cu. ft.)40 watts48 hrs
kitchen fridge (15 cu. ft.)50 watts40 hrs
kitchen fridge (20 cu. ft.)80 watts28 hrs
kitchen fridge (22 cu. ft.)100 watts20 hrs
kitchen fridge (25 cu. ft.)120 watts16 hrs
kitchen fridge (28 cu. ft.)170 watts12 hrs
chart – how long will a 12v 200ah lithium (LiFePO4) battery run the fridge?

Summary

  • 12v 200Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 96 hrs
  • 12v 200Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run an apartment size fridge for about 48 hrs
  • 12v 200Ah Lithium battery with 100% DoD limit will run a large size kitchen fridge for about 28 hrs

How Long Will a 12v 120ah Battery Run a Fridge

Fridge Type & CapacityEst. Runtime with 12v 120ah Lead-acid battery (50% DoD limit)Est. Runtime with 12v 120ah Lithium battery (100% DoD limit)
12v mini fridge (2 cu. ft.)2856
camping fridge (4.5 cu. ft.)2040
kitchen fridge (10 cu. ft.)1428
kitchen fridge (15 cu. ft.)1224
kitchen fridge (20 cu. ft.)1020
kitchen fridge (25 cu. ft.)714
kitchen fridge (30 cu. ft.)510
Table: how long will a 12v lead-acid and lithium (LiFePO4) battery will run a fridge

Summary

  • 12v 120Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 28 hrs and a 12v 120Ah lithium battery with 100% DoD will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 56 hours
  • 12v 120Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run an RV fridge for about 12 hrs and a 12v 120Ah lithium battery with 100% DoD will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 24 hours
  • 12v 120Ah Lead-acid battery with 50% DoD limit will run a large kitchen-size fridge for about 10 hrs and a 12v 120Ah lithium battery with 100% DoD will run a 12v mini camping fridge for about 20 hours

How long can you run a fridge on a car battery?

A car battery is typically 48-70Ah which is equal to 576-840Wh (wh = ah*volts). But the car batteries have a depth of discharge limit of 50% so which means you can only use 290-420Wh of power.

So to find out the runtime of your car battery on the fridge divide the battery capacity in Wh by fridge power consumption per hour.

For example, a 70ah car battery will run a small camping fridge for about 20 hours.

How Long Will Dometic Fridge Run On Battery?

Dometic is famous for its portable RV/camping refrigerators, i have seen most people are also searching for how long will their Dometic fridge last on a battery.

in short, On average Dometic fridge consumes about 30-40 watts of power per hour (with 20 minutes of the compressor running time in an hour). So a 12v 100Ah Lithium battery will last about 27-36 hours, which in result will fully discharge the battery so if you have a lead-acid type battery it will last half of the time

Steps to find out the battery runtime of your Dometic fridge.

  • Find out the fridge’s average power consumption per hour
  • Enter the values in the calculator to find out the battery runtime
Note! Dometic fridge support AC & DC current, so if you're thinking about running your fridge on a DC current (directly from the battery) make sure the voltage of your battery and your fridge input DC voltage should be the same. And most importantly use an DC-DC voltage regulator when running your fridge directly from the battery. But i would always recommend using a pure sine wave inverter to run a fridge. 

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I hope this short guide was helpful to you. still, have any confusion? LEAVE A COMMENT or contact us. Thank You!

I'm an experienced Sales Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in the renewables and environment industry. Skilled in Photography, Customer Service, and Sales.

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