What Size Solar Panel To Charge 24v Battery?

Use our calculator to find out what size solar panel you need to charge any size 24v battery in desired peak sun hours.

“Enter the battery specs and desired charge time (in peak sun hours) into the calculator to find out what size solar panel you need to charge your 24v battery.”

Solar Panel Size Calculator For 24v Battery​

Battery Capacity (Amp-hours)
Ah
Battery Voltage
V
Battery Type
Battery Depth of Discharge (DoD)
%
Charge Controller Type
Desired Charge Time (Peak sun hours)
hours

Note: If you already have a solar panel and want to know how long it will take to charge your battery, use this solar battery charge time calculator.

Calculator Assumptions: 

  • Lead-acid Battery Charge efficiency rate: 85%
  • AGM Battery Charge efficiency rate: 85%
  • Lithium (LiFePO4) Charge efficiency rate: 99%
  • PWM charge controller: 80% efficient
  • MPPT charge controller: 98% efficient
  • Solar Panels Efficiency during peak sun hours: 80% (meaning a 100 watt solar panel will produce 80 watts during peak sun hours, i’ll explain why…)
  • Charge controller is the only load connected with the battery

How To Use The Calculator?

Enter the following info into the calculator ( located at the top of this page )

  • Battery Capacity: Enter your battery capacity in amp-hours (Ah). e.g 100 for 100ah battery.
  • Battery Volts: in this case, it’ll be 24.
  • Battery Type: Select the battery type, is this a lead-acid, AGM, or lithium-ion (LiFePO4) battery?
  • Battery Depth of discharge DoD: is the percentage of the battery that has been discharged relative to the total battery capacity. for half discharged battery you’d enter 50, (if the battery is fully discharged which you can achieve on lithium battery, ENTER 100)
  • Charge Controller Type: Are you using a PWM or MPPT charge controller to charge the battery? 
  • Desired Charge time (in peak sun hours): How fast would you like to charge your battery or how many peak sun hours your location receives? (keep reading i’ll explain how you can calculate the number of peak sun hours)  

After entering the information, click “Calculate” button to find the required size for a 200ah battery. 

Attention! Scroll down to the bottom of this page ( or click here ) to find out how you can calculate the size solar panel in future without any need of a online calculator.

Example 

Suppose you have a 24v 200ah lead-acid battery with 50% depth of discharge and an MPPT charge controller. You want to recharge your battery in one day (during summer days) and your location receives 6 hours of peak sunlight 

You’d need about 550 watts of solar panels to fully charge a 24v 200ah lead-acid battery from 50% depth of discharge in 6 peak sun hours using an MPPT charge controller.

Read the below post to find out how fast you can charge your battery.

Related Post: Guide: Maximum Charging Current & Voltage For 12v Battery

What Are Solar Peak Sun Hours?

Before explaining peak sun hours and why to use them, first, let’s see how solar panels are rated.

“ Solar panels are designed to produce their rated wattage output under standard test conditions – STC ”

STC includes: 

  • 1000 watts per meter square (1kw/m2) of sunlight intensity hitting the solar panels directly
  • 25oC temperature 

So to calculate the sunlight intensity we use peak sun hour as a reference. 

  • 1 peak sun hour = Average of 1kw/meter2 of sunlight intensity for one hour.

This number will depend on the location to location. To calculate how many peak sun hours your city receives use this PVwatt solar calculator.

Step 1: Enter your full address of just a city name & Click GO

How to calculate peak sun hours

Step 2: Click on results

How to calculate peak sun hours
How many peak sun hours in florida?

Now you’d be able to see the total amount of solar radiation your location receives per day (from month to month)

Note! it would have to place my solar panels all day long under sunlight to get those total solar radiations per day. 

Average Solar Panel Output In Peak Sun Hour 

As we know that solar panels are rated their power under a controlled laboratory environment. But in the real world, there will be some power losses 

These power losses will occur due to various reasons, here are some examples

  • Manufacturer’s output tolerance (+-3%)
  • Dirt and grime on panels (+-5%)
  • DC cable loss (+-3%)
  • Temperature derating (+-10 – 20%)

On average. A solar panel will produce about 80% of its rated wattage output in real-world conditions.

This percentage is based on my personal experience with 400 watt solar panels. I collected the 30 days of total output from the solar panels and divide it by that month’s peak sun hours. 

Yes, there’ll be sometimes when you’ll get 100% output from the solar panel but it’s rarely gonna happen and will last for a few minutes 

I have a detailed post about this topic and shared some tips to get the maximum output from your solar panels.

Related Post: Solar Panel Output Calculator – Average Solar Panel Output?

What Size Solar Panel To Charge 24v Battery?

Here’s a chart about what size solar panel you need to charge different capacity 24v lead-acid & Lithium (LiFePO4) batteries in 5 peak sun hours using an MPPT charge controller.

24v Battery Size (Ah)Battery TypeRequired Solar Panel Size
50AhLead-acid170 watts
100AhLead-acid330 watts
120AhLead-acid400 watts
150AhLead-acid500 watts
200AhLead-acid660 watts
220AhLead-acid730 watts
250AhLead-acid830 watts
300AhLead-acid990 watts
400AhLead-acid1320 watts
50AhLithium (LiFePO4)290 watts
100AhLithium (LiFePO4)580 watts
120AhLithium (LiFePO4)670 watts
150AhLithium (LiFePO4)870 watts
200AhLithium (LiFePO4)1160 watts
220AhLithium (LiFePO4)1280 watts
250AhLithium (LiFePO4)1450 watts
300AhLithium (LiFePO4)1750 watts
400AhLithium (LiFePO4)2330 watts

Summary

  • You need around 500 – 700 watts of solar panels to charge most of the 24V lead-acid batteries from 50% depth of discharge in 5 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller
  • You need around 1 – 1.2 kilowatt (kW) of solar panels to charge most of the 24V lithium (LiFePO4) batteries from 100% depth of discharge in 5 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller

How Many Solar Panels Does It Take To Charge A 24v 200Ah Battery?

Here’s a chart about what size solar panel you need to charge a 24v 200ah lead-acid & lithium battery using an MPPT charge controller with different peak sun hours of sunlight.

Charge TimeBattery TypeRequired Solar Panel
4 peak sun hoursLead-acid830 watts
5 peak sun hoursLead-acid660 watts
6 peak sun hoursLead-acid550 watts
10 peak sun hoursLead-acid330 watts
4 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)1450 watts
5 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)1160 watts
6 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)970 watts
10 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)580 watts

Summary

  • You need around 830 watts of solar panels to charge a 24V 20ah lead-acid battery from 50% depth of discharge in 4 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller
  • You need around 1450 watts of solar panels to charge a 24V 20ah Lithium (LiFePO4) battery from 100% depth of discharge in 4 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller

Full article: What Size Solar Panel To Charge 200Ah Battery?

What Size Solar Panel To Charge 24v 100Ah Battery?

Here’s a chart about what size solar panel you need to charge a 24v 100ah lead-acid & lithium battery using an MPPT charge controller with different peak sun hours of sunlight.

Charge TimeBattery TypeRequired Solar Panel
4 peak sun hoursLead-acid420 watts
5 peak sun hoursLead-acid330 watts
6 peak sun hoursLead-acid280 watts
10 peak sun hoursLead-acid170 watts
20 peak sun hoursLead-acid80 watts
4 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)730 watts
5 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)580 watts
6 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)490 watts
10 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)290 watts
20 peak sun hoursLithium (LiFePO4)150 watts

Summary

  • You need around 280 watts of solar panels to charge a 24V 100ah lead-acid battery from 50% depth of discharge in 6 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller
  • You need around 490 watts of solar panels to charge a 24V 100ah Lithium (LiFePO4) battery from 100% depth of discharge in 6 peak sun hours with an MPPT charge controller

How To Calculate Number Of Solar Panels Required For Battery?

This is the most accurate way to calculate the required number of solar panels to charge any size battery.

Steps

1- Multiply the battery amp-hours (ah) by battery volts to convert the battery capacity into watt-hours (Wh). let’s suppose you have a 24v 100ah battery

Battery capacity in Wh = 100 * 24 = 2400wh

2- Multiply the battery watt-hours to the battery depth of discharge limit.

lead-acid, AGM, and gel batteries come with a depth of discharge limit of 50%, and lithium batteries with 100% DoD. let’s suppose you have a 24v 100ah lead-acid battery

Discharged Battery capacity in Wh = 2400 * 0.5 = 1200wh

3- Divide the battery capacity after DoD by the battery’s charge efficiency rate ( lithium: 99%; Lead-acid: 85%; )

Power required to charge the battery = 1200 / 85% or 1200 * 1.15 = 2832wh

4- Divide the battery capacity value (after charge adding efficiency factor) by the desired number of charge peak sun hours. let’s suppose you want to recharge your battery in 5 peak sun hours

Solar power required in peak sun hour = 2832 / 5 = 564 watts

5- Divide the solar power required in peak sun hour by the charge controller efficiency ( PWM: 80%; MPPT 98%; ). let’s suppose you’re using a PWM charge controller

Solar panel size required = 564 / 80% = 705 watts

What Size Charge Controller Do I Need To Charge The Battery?

The job of the charge controller is to regulate the voltage coming from the solar panels to safely charge the battery and prevent the battery to be overcharged.

To select the right size charge controller according to your solar panel size. Follow these 2 steps

  1. Divide the solar panel rated wattage by battery volts (e.g by 12 for 12v battery and so on…)
  2. Now add an extra 25% to the result value to keep the system safe in case of any fluctuations.
  3. Now the value will be the size of charge controller you’d need with your particular solar panel size to charge the battery.

For Example

let’s suppose you have a 400-watt solar panel and a 24v battery. the calculation will look like this.

400 / 24 = 16.6A
16.6 + 25% or 16.6 * 1.25 = 20.7A

you’d need a 24v 20A charge controller with a 400-watt solar panel to charge a 24v battery.

PWM Vs MPP

– PWM Charge Controller

will only decrease the voltage coming from the solar panels and will not increase the amps (current).

which as a result will cause power losses and which makes the PWM charge controllers 20-30% less efficient.

The formula to power is… ( Watts = amps * volts )

Remember: a 12v solar panel will produce about 18 volts under direct sunlight conditions… and the amps will be lower.

Note! If you’re using an PWM charge controller the voltage of solar panel and battery should be the same. ( eg. 12v solar panel for 12v battery and 24v solar panel to charge a 24v battery ). Otherwise you’ll experience a huge power loss. If you have different voltage solar panels and battery then use an MPPT charge controller.

– MPPT Charge Controller

An MPPT charge controller will not only decrease the voltage coming from the solar panel to charge the battery but will also increase the amps to cover up the losses.

which makes them 98-99% more efficient than a PWM charge controller.

Pro Tip: if your solar panel system is higher then 100 watts then i would suggest using an MPPT charge controller.

Related Post: How Many Watts Can A Charge Controller Handle?

Can A 12-Volt Solar Panel Charge A 24-Volt Battery?

in short, Yes, a 12v solar panel can charge a 24v battery. To get the maximum from a 12v solar panel to charge your 24v battery use an MPPT charge controller or connect two 12v solar panels in series to charge a 24v battery using a PWM charge controller.

Keep Reading…

I'm an experienced Sales Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in the renewables and environment industry. Skilled in Photography, Customer Service, and Sales.

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